Amatorism

From adia project
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Amatorism (Ammiadora, literally "love/passion of the mother") is an Neterine henotheistic, multilatristic religion traditionally situated within eastern Antraea, based around ancient Lavinian traditions and expounded by the teachings of St. Arisia, a prophetic figure considered by many Amatorians as the humble incarnation of the Heavenly Mother. Springing out from the ferment of pagan esotericism in Lavinian religion, Amatorism centers around the idea of the Sacred World-Order, a concept signifying a natural harmony of the universe in which the expanding light of reason triumphs over the darkness of chaos (Paron ton Kaparion). To the Amatorian, the Sacred World-Order can only be maintained by upholding one's divine reason and spiritual purity, done mostly through ritual manifestations of purification and piety within one's actions. Amatorism, along with Foriscism, is regarded as the two principal religions of Antraea.

Amatorism is originally a minor Latian reformist cult in the city of Axaterion devoted to the Heavenly Mother and the celebration of her mythos, mainly through fertility rites and their heightened emphasis on the mysteries of the feminine (Anevria). In the onset of the 2nd century VÆ, a young girl who declared herself daughter (and later, incarnation) of the Goddess Mater (Anedra, "serene lady" aspect/daughter of the Mother) rallied the faithful through her ministry and eventually became the leader of the Axaterian clergy, laying out the doctrines that shall become the framework of early Amatorism.

Today, Amatorism is among the Great Religions, being the principal religion of much of Eaat Antraea with over 2 billion adherents worldwide. Amatorism's expansive and socially matriarchal nature had contributed to the histories and development of not only Eastern Antraea, but also to Vestro-Foriscian society, the Liberal, Novatist and Progressive political movements and the rise of Imperialism in the 17th and 19th centuries.

Principles

Cosmology and the Divine World-Order

An icon (Epis) of Ammiana, the Heavenly Mother, in her aspect as of Ania Salzan (Consoling Mother). 19th century Post-Rationalist Style.

Amatorian doctrine posits a supposed natural system in which the universe follows. This system, called Katra Parazion (the Divine World-Order) is defined by the three dualities: the separate but equal coexistence of the paraphysical and the physical world (the "polar" and "temporal"), the natural antagonism of the polar Kavarnion and Seutarion, and the necessary triumph of reason over chaos. There have been debates on which of the three dualities are most important, but there is common agreement towards the urgency of the third. Rather, the polar and temporal duality of the spheres are maintained by the adherence towards upholding reason over chaos, and the opposing temporal worlds are a reflection of such.

Reason and chaos (Paron ton Kaparion) are inherent in everything in the universe, usually referred to in terms of light and darkness. Paron is defined as the natural coherence of physical and paraphysical law, along with the understanding of that coherence, while Kaparion is essentially its anathema: it is incoherence and disregard for the Sacred World-Order and the ignorance that comes with it. The Sacred World-Order is defined through coherence of Reason, and thus must maintain its power over Chaos, which tries to deliberately assert itself through aggression and bad will. This order was instituted during the organization of the universe by the Mother.

Arete and the fate of the soul

The sustention of the Divine World-Order is central to the spiritual duty of the temporal Amatorian: to keep the universe from the influence of Tenebris, augmenting Paron in the process. Great rituals understood from the manipulation of the spiritual/polar spheres (antokeridon) and the continuation of necessary rituals and rites (such as the Devotions and Liturgies) are effective measures against chaos. These efforts are referred to as Cathartations (Perkaθereion, from Cannonian caθra, "to capture, to move [away]") actions that cleanse the world and the self of transgression and evil.

The individuals' spiritual struggle is a substantial part of this duty, both to the Mater and themself. The efforts to purify one's soul through virtue, devotion, and holy service is part of one's piety to the Mater and ensures the person of lumination--in which the soul becomes pure and of equal essence to divinity--in the afterlife. The opposing path, obliviation, is in which the soul becomes corrupted to the point that they transform into an anathemic, devilish entity. These two absolute paths respectively result in either eternal, enlightened bliss or insanity and pure suffering.

Such a fate is decided by the soul's aretia, a sacred essence of goodness which is cultivated through cathartation. One may cultivate enough Arete in which one ascends towards divinity in life, or be devoid of so much that they become infernes. Amatorians believe that they must initiate the final extinguishing of Chaos, as it is believed that when one of these opposing natures are left unmitigated they can bring about an absolute effect to humanity: to initiate global Lumination or wreak Obliviation. This supposed ultimate victory against Tenebris is called the Cosmic Lumination (parossion parádiatum).

Deities and Saints

Amatorism's pantheon and its central figure, Heavenly Mother Ammiana (also known as arissia, "the sun", and sometimes added with epithets such as zamatikissa "the golden lady", from Cannonian ana-zamθic "golden lady", mataxissia, "most holy", and kavornisstia, "most heavenly", simply referred thus as the "Heavenly Mother") is the primary center of this cosmological struggle. It is through her that brought Paron forth, that brought in turn the current state of the universe (her "birthing") and it is through her that shall be the central force that keeps the Sacred World-Order upheld. Humans are compelled to follow her example (epsida ammiana "to be like the Mother"), so as to help save all of what shall come after them from the disarray and chaos of Abysson. Her daughter/aspect, the Atia Setrissia ("most joyful daughter") is her mediator to the temporal sphere, the one who shall enact the Mater's will and the application of her divine love to humanity. This is reflected in the earlier prophecies of the Axaterian traditions, in which the Atia makes temporal her spirit (through either theophany or incarnation) in various points in time in order to aid humanity in the struggle against Abysson. St. Arisia is regarded as one of these incarnations, awakening her divine nature at an early age.

Ritual Amatorism is centered around the worship of the Mater and her cohorts. Atia, her prized daughter also serves as a focal point in the faith's contemporary mythos due to her nature as the connection between humanity and heaven (giving her the title the tipper of scales). Mythologically polytheistic, the Amatorians also sport a great number of gods, goddesses and demigods (Saints) that vary in importance, stature and patronage. Just below Ammiana are the deities Tallora, Samiros, Korvitia, Remisia, Aretia and Palon, representing the metaphysical drives of all conscious beings. Similarly, other deities in the lower tier are conscious manifestations of the machinations of the Polar and Temporal spheres. Saints are temporal beings that have consciously Luminated their souls from temporality to divinity through virtue and/or the grace of the Kavornian sphere. All in all, however, these deities are treated as intercessors to Ammiana, actors of her will.

Amatorian devotion is of a tutelary nature, a devotee usually having a personal (or familial) patron deity along with the worship of the Mater. [Sainthood]

[The Amatorian Trinity of Ammiana, Arisia and Atia]

Practice

Main article: Cathartation

Cathartation (Lavinian perkaθereion) is the organizing principle of Amatorian practice. Cathartation usually points towards the purification of the soul and the cultivation of virtue by various means possible. Both domestic practices and the exalted rites follow the same axiom: every action of a faithful Amatorian must be to accumulate as much light as possible while purging as much darkness. This reflects even towards mundane architecture and poetry, such as designing a home or chanting a cantata to invite arete by thaumic pattern-invocation.

In the more formal sense, devotion and piety are essential qualities of cathartation, and are primarily divided into three: the personal (persention enia, obedience to the divine), the mystical (entokelessia) and the collective (azialma trestes). Of the three, only entokelessia and the knowledge of it is restricted to the ordained clergy and monastics.

[Almen]

[devotion as primary service, the collective action to induce cathartation and purge tenebric essence from the soul while replacing it with light, a purification of the self. liturgy (lantikavria) is a portion of the ritual devoted to strengthening the spiritual family between the cleric and faithful, and in extension, human to the divine. candles and music are a great theme here.]

Organization

Main article: Amatorian clergy

The Adiamiadoria, according to doctrine, must be organized in accordance to the common vision of all faithful. Ideally, all Amatorians (defined by most as one who has faith towards Ammiana) are spiritually rallied under the singular banner of the Saint Demetria, a united coalition bound by a declaration of ecumenism to combat Abysson. Thus, Amatorism as a whole, while it declares itself as a singular body, is not regarded as one body in the organizational sense. The whole faith is a communion of smaller congregations that are united in devotion to Ammiana and the Cantoria, convening under the Congregation of Mothers (paraphanium steranion).

Amatorism's primary division and organizational structure is the Almen (from Lavinian almáium/almienái, place of rites), firmly structured congregations that are tasked to preach and uphold Arisia's teachings and consciously maintain the Katra Parazion through ritual. These Almens (similar to the Foriscian Covenants) each have their own clerical structure and their own interpretation of Amatorist rites. The Clergy in between these institutions are the same in the structural sense, though the significance and precedence of each position vary between Almen to Almen. The general nature of the Almenic Clergy is that of hierarchy and duty: as the institutional caretakers of the Sacred World-Order, the Almen must always uphold a strict observance of the necessary rites in order to stave off the influence of Abysson. Usually, there are two clerical tiers within the Almen: the Matriarchate and the Cathartatium, further divided between the Sanctuariate (almorissaia) and Derapnidion (derapnidia).

The Matriarchate is the highest tier in the Clergy, presided by the Archmater (anistra adrissta). The Matriarchate, by virtue of creed, is the topmost administrator, spiritual guide, and the source of doctrinal authority. Mostly understood as a regent of Saint Amatora, the Archmater serves as the Almen's "first preacher" and the upholder of the faith in the territories of her Almen. The central temple-offices of the Almen, the Basilica, serves as the official seat of the Matriarch.

Cathartatium

A drawing of the Temple of Saint Amatora in Agasterion, a Celestarium in the Early Imperial style.

The Cathartatium is the subordinate tier of Amatorian clergy which participates in the active maintenance of the Ordo Divinae. Named after the practice of Cathartation, the Cathartatium handles its practice in an organized scale and reinforces the World-Order. Primarily represented in the clerical rank of Capena and Meclara, it is divided between the secular Domitanate and monastic Sanctuariate.

The Derapnidion--named after its main clerical authority, the derapnides (derapni deyores "cultivators of the house")--handle the regular temples and local institutions around the Almen's jurisdiction, responsible for the direct preaching and coordinating the faithful into mass Cathartations to reinforce Katra Parazion. They handle the religious community and work alongside temporal authorities to uphold harmonious order and enforce public morality.

The Sanctuariate handle places attuned to thavma, in which the Almen secure and use in order to understand and control it for the maintenance of the Ordo. Most of the jurisdictions of the Sanctuariate are specialized Temples, monasteries and common pilgrimage sites due to their spiritual nature and significance. The militant orders are considered to be under this classification. Sanctuarian institutions are further divided into three:

  • Luminaries (perparissiumes) are located in areas deemed to be a direct conduit to the divine, devoteed to the study of Paron and the maintenance of sacred lights (fires, lanterns, etc.) to evoke Lumination. Luminaries also tend to be areas where special cathartations and esoterica are performed to better harness the divine essences that permeate throughout the site.
  • Celestaries (kavornissiumes) are concerned with the nature of the temporal and polar spheres, observing the movements of the temporal and thaumic world while protecting the essential knowledges of esoterica. Celestaries once served as holy planetaria and libraries that kept much of the poetic, religious and scientific knowledge of the classical period.
  • Sanctuaries (kelessenaisa) are sacred areas in which the holiest of sites and relics are located, areas that serve as the highest conduits of Paron. The Sanctuaries are regarded as places of divine prescence, due to it being areas of spiritual significance and lumination.

Ordination

[Matriarch > Ania Meclaria > Meclara (Domitan and Sanctuarist) > Capena > Cantor > Acolyte]

[The Capena is the basic level of high ordination within an Almen, serving as the leader of liturgy and the organizer of the religious community. The Mila is a lower rank which helpsin the study of doctrine within said community and is the personal assistant to the Capena in liturgy (also fills in on her behalf). The Meclara leads a collection of Capenas within a particular region, usually handling a Monastery or a Sanctuariate. The Meclara (referred to as a Ania Megaector) is a high-class thaumaturge, managing the wider flock as both upholder and protector of the divine essence. further led by a Ania Meclaratim, the leader of the Almen. All Meclaræ are subordinate to the universally-proclaimed anistra adrissta, which serves as spiritual sovereign to Amatoriæ.]

History

The Old Gods of the Old Realms

Amatorism's base tenets is founded on the traditions of the multisseristic elder faith of the Lavinian (also the direct predecessor of Enneadism). At the time, this elder faith, then called keleisa sturtasa (ways of the Druids), was the principal religion of the Lavinian states. Unlike its western counterpart, Druveism, Mos Seneca is more organized, with each deity (totals in 12) having its own eclessia, doctrine and priesthood, all unilaterally accepted by each other. Mos Seneca is believed to have been borne out of the ancient pagan traditions of the Galatii (of which the Lavinians were among), organized only during the growth in power and territory of the Lavinians by after 2,000 væ.

The Cult in Axaterion and the Awakening

The Matriarchal tendencies of Laviniate civilization has been evident even before the rise of Amatorism. It is only during the 400 BC that the matters of the Feminine have taken a more spiritual and esoteric form. Within the circles of nobles and clergy, there was a sharp rise of the thought regarding the innate spiritual awareness of the feminine spirit, making it symbolically "above" the masculine that represented the crass, materialist and animalistic nature of the universe.

Gnosticism made rise of the Goddess Cults of the Mosdivinists which basically outlined what Amatorism shall be in 300 BC.

[The Amatora is awakened in 90 næ.]

Foundation of the First Almen

First Certamen and the Seccession

Growth of the Congregatio and the Holy Confederation

Second Certamen: the Kaivic Church and the Kyriakists

Reawakening

Expansion to the Tacanias and Rosalinism

The Great Ascendancy War

Modern history

Notes and references